There are several ways to immigrate to the United States. Depending on your circumstances, you can choose the one that works best for you. Immigrating to the United States is possible through the usual means, namely education, employment, investment, and so on. In this article, we intend to address the issue of immigration through study in the U.S. and examine all the important details in this regard.
The applicant for studying in the U.S. must have acceptable financial proofs. By obtaining a U.S. student visa, a person can study at all levels and secure their future career. It should be noted that there are more than 5,000 colleges and universities in the United States.
If immigrating and studying in the U.S. is your way forward, we recommend reading this article. Thousands of applicants apply each year to top American universities.
The United States, while having the latest facilities and technology in the world and the power of technology and the appropriate quality of life of citizens in this country, has universities that have an outstanding scientific level on a global scale. Some of these universities are considered by some analysts to be the best universities in the world.
Studying in the United States presents challenges for applicants to study in the United States. In this article, we want to introduce you to all the ways and problems you would face in this path and examine the advantages and disadvantages of studying in the United States to decide with the necessary knowledge in this regard.
Studying in the United States at different levels of education
The United States has one of the best educational systems in the world. It has the best colleges and universities with the best rankings. Bachelor’s, Master’s, and doctoral degrees issued by American universities are approved worldwide. The various stages of study in the United States are described as follows:
Study in the United States in elementary schools
Elementary school in the United States includes five years of education from the first to the fifth year; in total, every American student spends six years of elementary school, including one year of kindergarten.
Study in the United States in high school
Students in the United States go to high school after the fifth grade, which includes seven whole years. There are two parts, high school, and middle school, after which high school students are awarded a diploma. And after this course, one can continue his education in American colleges or universities.
Studying in the United States at the undergraduate level
Students enter primary and secondary schools after completing twelve years of study. International students wishing to study at American universities and immigrate to the United States must have a degree equivalent to a 12-year high school diploma. Students can choose a two-year course for a postgraduate degree or a four-year course for a bachelor’s degree, which students must pick up to the second year of college.
Admission to undergraduate study in the United States takes less than two weeks after submitting the required documents, along with visa counseling and embassy work and entry into the United States. Up to $ 30,000 at U.S. universities. In the United States, it is also possible to transfer courses for people who have an associate’s degree. On the other hand, for the costs, it is possible to receive a scholarship and eliminate the registration fee for courses and semesters from the second semester.
The following are the documents required to enter the United States for undergraduate study:
- Official translation of transcripts and diplomas stamped by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Justice.
- Internet TOEFL score 61 and above or IELTS 6 and above (if the applicant wishes, they can also apply for a language college, in which case a language score is not required, but the chances of obtaining a visa are reduced).
- Bank financial letter, the amount of which is determined during the application process.
Popular undergraduate courses in the United States
- Business Management
- Veterinary medicine
- Applied and pure sciences
- Computer Science and Information Technology
- Performing Arts
- Health and medicine
Study in the United States for a master’s degree
Students must have completed 16 years of formal education to enter the Master’s program and immigrate through study in the United States, meaning they must have completed 12 years of elementary and high school and four years of undergraduate study.
The length of a master’s degree in the United States varies depending on the course but usually varies from one to three years. Given that you received your Master’s degree from the United States, this option paves the way for you to continue your studies and work at the doctoral level.
Qualifications required to study in the United States for a master’s degree
To be accepted to a prestigious American university for a master’s degree, you need a suitable bachelor’s degree. This degree may be related to the field you are applying for in your Master’s degree, but it may sometimes not be the same field.
The qualifications required to study for a master’s degree in the United States are as follows:
- Copy of the first page of the passport (translation of identity card for those who do not currently have a passport)
- Confirmation of articles in English
- Translation from the last page of the dissertation with approval from the university
- Personal resume in English
- Official translation of the bachelor’s degree with four-year transcripts
- Copy of TOEFL documents with a minimum score of 90 in the IBT test and 550 in the PBT test or IELTS with a score of 6.5
- At least 3 letters of recommendation from professors (4 letters of recommendation are suggested)
- Copy of GRE / GMAT certificate (if needed)
- Academic motivation letter regarding the field of interest
* Despite the explanations mentioned, it is better to visit the website of your desired university before any action to study for a master’s degree in the United States and obtain the necessary information for the duration of the course and the documents required to obtain admission and receive a master’s degree in the United States. Then complete the university admission form.
What are the costs of studying for a master’s degree in the United States?
The cost of studying in the United States for a master’s degree varies considerably between courses and institutions. But international students usually pay more than other native students in the country. The approximate cost of a master’s degree at a U.S. public university is estimated at between $ 20,000 and $ 30,000 per year.
Study in the United States for a PhD
Studying in the United States at this level is a type of research study with the highest degree awarded in the United States. Obtaining a doctorate in the United States requires three to six years of continuous education.
American universities are divided into state and private groups. State universities are usually cheaper, but they may have limited capacity to admit international students.
The United States ranks first in academic education, providing excellent conditions for students, especially doctoral students, so many people choose to study in the United States. Compared to Europe, in addition to educational and scientific issues, this country also pays special attention to the development of students’ thinking. More than 1,700 educational institutions offer a wide range of disciplines at all levels of education. More than 75% of the world’s top 20 universities are located in this country. The length of doctoral study in the United States is usually between 4 and 6 years, which may take up to 6 years in some fields due to its greater complexity. The doctoral course consists of advanced classes with small seminars. It must be taken orally and in writing before submitting the dissertation. The dissertation, which is usually in the form of a book, lasts between 1 and 2 years. The student must defend his dissertation in front of a committee consisting of 3 to 5 university professors. At the end of the defense session, the professors start raising some questions that the student must answer. The committee then gives the student a grade, and then they obtain their doctorate or Ph.D.
Doctoral studies at American universities are two semesters. The main semester of most good universities that attract students is the September semester, and the academic year lasts until May. Therefore, you should refer to the university’s website and see the beginning of the semester and the deadline for action. Of course, to receive scholarships or funding programs, it is recommended that they apply one year in advance, according to many applications.
American universities can be divided into two groups based on whether they are research centers:
- Universities that, in addition to teaching, also have research centers that accept doctoral students.
- Universities that only teach and have two- or four-year courses have a maximum of a bachelor’s degree. The United States receives the most student admissions in the fall semester (September, October), and most scholarships are awarded. International students wishing to study in the United States and immigrate to study in the United States must pass exams defined by the United States Department of Education.
Obtaining Ph.D. Admission in the United States
To be admitted to a doctoral program in the United States, students must take specialized exams and obtain a passing grade. Of course, this acceptance score will be different for different universities, and high-ranking universities will consider higher acceptance scores, making competition between students more difficult.
Students who intend to study engineering must pass the GRE (Graduate Record Examinations). Medical students must also pass an exam such as the MCAT or USMLE, and law students must pass the LSAT.
Required Documents for Admission to Doctoral Studies at American Universities
The requirements for admission to a doctoral program at an American university are as follows:
- Degrees and transcripts
Usually, two to three copies of the transcripts of previous degrees are required. These documents must be mailed in envelopes sealed by the university in your home country to the address of the destination university in the United States. These degrees must be translated into English. Final year students who have not yet graduated and are applying for a doctorate in the United States can send a letter from the university with a temporary transcript to the university to complete the initial admission work. Of course, for final admission, a degree and transcripts must be submitted to the university.
- Application form
The doctoral application form in the United States submitted by the university must be completed exactly according to the student’s information. In most cases, must be accompanied by an application fee called the application fee, which is between $ 50 and $ 100. In some cases, this application form can be downloaded online.
- Recommendation letter
Letters of recommendation from professors are very effective in obtaining admission for doctoral studies in American universities, which must be submitted by your professors at the home university, in English on the university letterhead. In some cases, the professor himself must mail or email them. Certainly, the professor’s contact information must be official, i.e., addresses with the extension Gmail or yahoo are not accepted. It must be the university’s official address.
In most cases, three letters of recommendation from professors must be submitted for doctoral studies in the United States. In the text of the letter of recommendation, the professor should state what your academic and personal characteristics are, what your skills are, what your strengths are, and why they think you are eligible to pursue a doctorate in the United States.
- SoP (Statement of Purpose)
In this letter, which is prepared by the student applying for a doctorate in the United States, you must describe who you are, what your scientific and academic background is, what your work history is, why you are interested in this university and this field, and what you intend to do. What is the continuation of this field, and what do you know about your academic and professional future? In this letter of recommendation, you have to convince the admission committee to accept you and choose you among other students.
- CV (Curriculum Vitae)
In the resume, the candidate for doctoral studies in the United States must state all their personal information such as name, date of birth, place of birth, address, email, etc., and the name of the field and university of study, work history, specialized skills, personal abilities such as sports and art, ability in English, etc. in full detail. Resumes usually have a special format and a special standard that you can find many examples by searching the Internet.
- IELTS or TOEFL language certificate for doctoral admission in the United States
The grade point average for IELTS or TOEFL varies depending on the university. Still, an IELTS score of 7 or 7.5 is usually required for a Ph.D. at the C1 level.
Scholarships for Ph.D. in the United States
As you know, universities in the United States are divided into public and private. American universities at the doctoral level are such that public universities usually have lower tuition. Still, priority is given to native students, and the chances of international students are lower because the university has less capacity. On average, tuition and tuition at U.S. universities range from $ 25,000 to $ 40,000 per year. Of course, it is worth mentioning that in the doctoral program, students have a lot of financial resources as scholarships to do research work. There are three types of doctoral scholarships in the United States:
- Fellowship Scholarship
- Research Assistantship
- Teaching Assistantship
Also, one of the best ways to use these scholarships is to use the Assistantship Scheme. Under this plan, doctoral students in the United States, instead of receiving money, will work between 15 and 20 hours per week for college, earning them a source of income. This includes research or teaching, which is a source of income and a resume boost for the student. These working hours increase to 40 hours per week on holidays. It should be noted that 43% of international students receive scholarships from institutions, and only 3% use government or university scholarships.
Studying medicine and dentistry in the United States
For medical specialization, students must study and join internships for 3 years after obtaining a general medicine degree, 5 years for surgery, and 7 years for brain surgery to receive their specialization.
To study medicine and dentistry in the United States, and especially to study and live in New York City, which is one of the top states in the United States, we give you the good news that the conditions for entering and studying medicine and dentistry in the United States in the top state universities Working with a lawyer can get you accepted to universities in this state.
Even in states such as Boston and California, which are also among the best in the United States and have the top American universities, admission to medical and dental education in the United States is possible.
Studying in U.S. public colleges and universities
One of the factors that have made studying in the United States have many applicants is the possibility of continuing their education in U.S. public colleges and universities.
The local government is responsible for running public colleges and universities in the United States. There is at least one public college and college in every state in the United States.
Students applying to study in the United States can choose to study at U.S. public colleges and universities.
Study at private American colleges and universities
Some students applying to study in the United States also want to enter private colleges and universities in the United States to continue their studies.
In this case, they should keep in mind that private American colleges and universities are not under the control of the government, so more money should be paid to continue their education in private American colleges and universities.
Most of the affiliated universities and colleges in the United States are privately run and are smaller than public universities.
U.S. University Scholarships
Applicants to study in the United States usually drop out due to the high cost of American universities;
But students can reduce the cost of their student life and study stay by using the various scholarships offered by the United States.
The U.S. government funds some U.S. scholarships for international students, some by private organizations, and some by private institutions or universities themselves.
The following is a brief overview of some American colleges and universities:
- New York University Wagner Scholarship: This scholarship is awarded to a limited number of Distinguished Students, valued at between $ 25,000 and $ 47,000.
- Hubert Humphrey Scholarship Programs: Professionals who wish to have 10 months of academic study in the United States use this scholarship, covering all tuition fees.
- Berea College Scholarship: Covers all tuition and living expenses of first-year students.
- Clark University Scholarship: This scholarship covers between $ 15,000 and $ 25,000.
- Concordia College Scholarship: This scholarship is available for up to $ 25,000 for outstanding students needing financial aid.
- Tennessee State University Scholarship: The value of this type of scholarship is $ 12,500 per year.
- Illinois Wesleyan University Scholarship: Distinguished students with academic achievement can use this scholarship worth $ 10,000 to $ 25,000.
- Fulbright Scholarship: One of the most popular scholarships in the United States, offered to international students who intend to study in the United States in all fields except medicine.
Benefits of studying in the United States
Applicants to study in the United States can enjoy many benefits in this country regarding education and living. Here are some examples of these benefits:
- Student scientific progress and the world’s first destination for international students with more than 800,000 international students
- Variety of educational situations
- Updated technology
- Research situations
- Support services for international students
- Global education and career prospects – long-term career
- Experience living in a university environment
- Job growth
- language learning
- Ability to receive financial grants
Student work while studying in the United States
An international student is allowed to work from entering the United States and starting their studies.
Undergraduate students are entitled to 20 hours of work, 20 hours of which, given a salary of $ 15 per hour, will cover a significant portion of a student’s expenses.
Undergraduate students can work while studying 10 hours per week, with between $ 13 and $ 15 per hour.
In addition, U.S. student visa holders can apply for a 12-month university work permit. This is called an optional practical training permit or OPT. OPT allows newly graduated international students to work in the United States for up to one year and allows students to study and work in a field related to their field of study.
In general, OPT can be used in three ways:
- Part-time work during the study
- Work full time during the leave period
- Work after graduation in a field related to the curriculum
Tuition Fees in the U.S.
We have tried to comprehensively explain the costs that are required on average to study in different academic levels in the United States in the following:
- Undergraduate: US $ 14,000_25,000
- Master’s degree: 15,000_35,000 US dollars
- Doctoral degree: 15000_25000 US dollars
- Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmacy: US $ 35,000_50,000
- Veterinary: US $ 25,000_50,000
- College: US $ 15,000_25,000
Requirements for U.S. student visa
The requirements for obtaining a U.S. student visa are as follows:
- The financial ability proof to cover the cost of living and studying in the United States
- Have a SEVP certificate from the university or educational center in question
- Fluency in English
* If you need more complete information about obtaining a U.S. student visa and its special conditions, your suggestion is to read the U.S. student visa article.
Documents required to obtain a U.S. student visa
The documents required to obtain a U.S. student visa are as follows:
- Copy of the first page of the passport to study in the United States (translation of identity card for those who do not currently have a passport)
- Personal resume in English
- Official translation of diploma or pre-university degree with transcripts
- Official translation of a bachelor’s degree with transcripts of 4 years to study in the United States for a master’s degree
- Translation from the last page of the dissertation with approval from the desired university to study for a master’s degree in the United States
- A language degree is not required, but if you do not attend university language courses, TOEFL certificates with a minimum score of 70 in the IBT exam and 500 in the PBT exam or IELTS with a score of 6 are required.
- At least 4 academic letters of recommendation from professors, fellow administrators, and fellow researchers
- Resume and work history for doctoral studies in the United States
- Approval of published scientific articles.
- Provide a letter from the bank to announce the balance and turnover of the account to cover the cost of studying and living in the United States
* If you want to apply for the top universities in the United States, Mehraein Institute will accompany you in this field.
For more information and to receive an initial consultation, you can contact Mehraein Institute.
How to get a green card after studying in the United States
Most international students must obtain an F-1 student visa to study at a U.S. university. This visa is valid only for the period they are studying. After that, they can no longer stay in the United States. Also, during the admissions process, the applicant must state that they intend to return to their home country and will not stay in the United States.
Can students apply for U.S. green cards?
At the U.S. Embassy interview for a student visa, embassy officials focused heavily on requiring the applicant to return home. They constantly ask if the student intends to return to their home country. They want to get proof that you will not try to stay in the United States illegally or otherwise. You must send your bank statements, lease, or title deed to prove your intention to return.
But even if this law existed, the United States would not have made it completely impossible to reside after graduation. This is because the United States wants educated people United States. Because most F-1 visa holders have a high school diploma in the United States, they have several vacancies to stay in the United States.
So despite what you have to prove in answering your embassy visa interview questions, there are ways to get from a student visa to a green card.
While the United States has not explicitly prohibited international students from seeking a green card, it has made the process very difficult.
In general, the U.S. Green Card can be obtained through the following ways:
Apply as a person with extraordinary abilities
They are well aware that many students with F-1 visas are pursuing higher education. They have abilities that a person or a green card applicant would not normally have. For those who have had great success, the United States has issued a special visa. This Green Card Visa is for people with special abilities or EB-1.
The EB-1 visa for this group of people is:
- Outstanding professors and researchers
- People with extraordinary abilities in art, science, business, sports or education;
- Executives who have worked in the foreign branch of an American company for the past 3 years.
With an EB-1 visa, a person can work permanently in the United States in their area of expertise. It is very difficult to get an EB-1 visa because its requirements are wide. Very few people can meet these requirements, so it isn’t easy to move from an F-1 visa to an EB-1 visa.
Some of the requirements for an EB-1 visa include proof of achievement of one of the following:
- Winner of an Oscar, Pulitzer Prize, or Olympic medal
- Evidence that you have received a national or international award for your achievements and excellence.
- Evidence that you are a member of an association in your area of expertise that is constantly asking its members for improvement.
- Evidence that you have published an article or research in your area of expertise that has been recognized in journals or the media.
- Evidence that you had to evaluate other people’s work individually or on a board, etc.
Many other requirements make it a little difficult to get from a student visa to an EB-1.
An international student with an F-1 visa has two options for applying for an EB-1 visa:
- Find work in their field of expertise
If you have a job, the employer must support you financially by paying for the lawsuit. They must also make sure that they follow the labor and visa rules.
If you are applying for this visa, you will have to go through all the steps yourself. This includes running the program and paying high fees. Even after doing so, there is no guarantee that your request will be approved.
Dual intent visa application
Since very few people can get a green card directly through an EB-1 visa, there are other ways. An indirect way is to change the status of the F-1 visa to a dual visa.
A dual intent visa is a nonimmigrant work visa that allows you to apply for a green card. Adjustments can occur after a certain period. Dual Visa Some nonimmigrant H visas, such as the H-1B visa.
After completing their studies, F-1 students can work in the United States for approximately 12 months. They can work in this country through two different programs.
Curriculum Action Plan (CPT)
An F-1 student can be hired through the educational institution they attend. They can complete practical training such as working as a teaching or research assistant. Students can start their CPT after 9 months of enrolling in an educational institution. The CPT can last up to 12 months. This can convince the institution to sponsor the student. If the criteria are met, the student can remain as an associate professor in this section.
Optional Practical Training (OPT)
OPT is a program that allows international students to gain work experience in the United States. This program can only start after receiving a student degree. The student is hired by an American employer in a specific field and can work with them for 12 months. After 12 months, the student must return to their home country.
But if you succeed during your OPT, you can get a chance to get a dual intent visa. The employer can support you financially to obtain an H-1B visa. Your employer must contact U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) for you. An F-1 student cannot apply for a nonimmigrant visa. Only the employer can start this process.
After receiving a dual intent visa, an international student can apply for a green card. This is an indirect route that takes longer. Still, most international students choose this route because it is a little easier to get an EB-1 visa.
Investing in the United States
Another way to get a green card is to invest in the U.S. economy. This only applies if you have enough money. You can get an EB-5 visa when you invest $ 500,000 to $ 1 million in a U.S. business and create more than 10 permanent jobs.
The EB-5 is a green card for wealthy investors. To receive it, you must meet certain criteria, and there are four types of EB-5 visas:
- C-5 visa for investors who create jobs outside the target areas
- T-5 visa for investors who create jobs in rural areas or areas with high unemployment
- R-5 visa for investors who participate in the investor pilot program and do not participate in the area
- I-5 visa for investors participating in the investor pilot program in the area
While obtaining an EB-1 visa is difficult due to extensive requirements, the EB-5 is difficult due to financial prerequisites. But if you can afford it, one of the best ways is to go from an F-1 visa to a green card.
Participate in the Green Card Lottery
Can F1 students apply directly for a green card? The Green Card Lottery is a route from F1 to Green Card that provides you with a maximum of 50,000 immigrant visas per year, randomly selected from all people traveling to the United States from low-immigration countries.
Studying in the United States, in addition to being able to enjoy the top universities in the world, also gives you the chance to reside in the United States. The opportunity to study in the United States is more for those who have graduated from good universities, have good grades and scores from the exams mentioned in this article, and also have the minimum age to study in the United States. It is recommended that you use experienced immigration attorneys if you plan to apply to the United States to increase your chances of success in this process. In this regard, Mehraein institute will guide you to study in the United States and other countries of the world, and you can use the experienced counselors of this institute to receive advice according to your situation.