Canada is internationally recognized as one of the best countries to live and study in. Applying to study in Canada is probably an attractive option for those looking to study in one of the most developed countries.
If you are planning to immigrate to Canada to study, or want to enjoy the benefits of studying in Canada, stay tuned for the rest of this article.
Canada Educational System
Canada has a very strong and advanced education system. The Canadian education system is not integrated and federal, but each state has its educational system. However, the quality of education is very high in all states. It can be said that these educational systems are very similar to each other. Canada’s education system includes both public and private schools.
The education system of Canada, like other countries, is categorized as follows:
- Primary School
- Secondary School
Primary School in Canada
Elementary school education in Canada is compulsory for children, starting in the first grade, generally at the age of 6 or 7, and continuing until the 6th grade between the ages of 11 and 12. Students must complete 6 grades, each of which includes one academic year. Canadian schools usually open in September and run until June.
In Canada, students at this stage of study have only one teacher who teaches all subjects in the same class with the same students. Special training classes are also available.
Preschool curriculum includes reading, math, English and French (in Quebec), history, music, social studies, physical education, and art. The difficulty of the courses increases with the students’ progress in the grades.
Middle school in Canada is two years in which a student typically attends up to 7th or 8th grade and then enters high school. These two years give students the opportunity to adapt to changes in classroom changes and teachers throughout the day. The purpose of this step is to help students better prepare for the next stage of their education, as challenging courses are expected to increase.
In Quebec, primary education lasts up to 6 years, after which the student enters high school directly.
Education periods are divided into quarterly semesters, and students’ level is calculated at the end of each semester, and their GPA for the entire academic year is calculated based on the GPA of each semester.
Secondary School in Canada
High school is the last part of secondary education that is achieved when students reach the 8th grade, and they stay at this stage for four years until the 11th or 12th grade (at the age of 18-16, depending on the student and the province). Students are required by law to stay in school until the age of 16. High school education usually refers to years 9 to 12. In the states that have a middle school, the high school is 7 and 8 years.
In Quebec, high school is from 7 to 11, after which students must complete a two- to three-year college course before entering university. This college is known as the Collège d’enseignem entgénéral et professionnel or (CÉGEP).
After graduating from high school, many students apply for admission to Canadian universities and colleges. Canadian colleges are institutions that issue professional licenses, diplomas and associate degrees, etc., intending to provide practical training and turning students into the workforce. In college, students are trained to enter the job market directly.
This is why the curricula of various disciplines in Canadian colleges are run by small and large workshops and practical courses rather than by theoretical topics. Some colleges, such as junior and community public colleges, offer two-year degrees, but most colleges offer bachelor’s degrees, and some offer associate degrees. The length of each college course is about 1 to 4 years, depending on the type of field and the duration of study.
There are also courses of less than a year or more than 4 years in this country. Of course, getting a college degree will not be the end of the road because due to the transferability of college course units to the university (in most cases), it is the students who decide whether to continue their higher education at the university after graduation.
Most Canadian universities have a high level of education and a high degree of credibility. Also, after the United States and the United Kingdom, no country has a world-ranked university as prestigious as Canada. Other benefits of studying in Canada includes a wide range of international students, which makes it easier to study in Canada, and students face less discrimination. Universities in the Canadian education system offer a variety of disciplines and programs at different levels, as follows:
Bachelor’s degree: A primary university degree in the Canadian education system that it takes between 3 and 4 years to complete.
Master’s degree: An advanced level of Canadian university education that typically it takes between 1 and 3 years to obtain.
Doctoral (Ph.D.) degree: The most advanced level of education in the Canadian the education system, which will take about 3 to 4 years after graduation, along with relevant research and studies. University degrees in Canada are equivalent to degrees in the United States and the Commonwealth of Independent States In some professions and fields of study, such as medicine and medicine, law and education, students have to complete their education and obtain a degree, as well as getting a work permit, completing an internship, or passing a relevant standardized test.
Short-term study in Canada
Short-term study courses in Canada, often offered by colleges and technical and vocational institutions, are a good opportunity for those applicants who wish to take advantage of Canada’s educational benefits at a lower cost and in less commonly used fields. These short-term training courses often lead to a certificate or diploma. Co-op Canada is one of the methods of studying with a guaranteed job in Canada, where the applicant enters the labor market in a short one-year training course.
Canadian Co-op courses are usually divided into two courses. In the one-year courses of the first six months, studying courses are in the morning shift and working in the evening shift. In the second 6 months, the morning shift is the time of projects, and the evening shift is dedicated to teaching courses and solving project and work problems. This method is one of the best options to study in Canada, and its advantages include the following
Short-term Canadian courses are one of the cheapest ways to enter Canada.
Immigrating to study in the destination country is one of the easiest ways to enter the country.
Most applicants enter the destination country under the pretext of studying, and after completing their studies, they achieve their ultimate goal, which is to work in that country.
- Students have the opportunity to work in an industry related to their field.
- While studying and as part of their curriculum, a person has an internship with a specific salary. During it, they receive almost their initial tuition fee by working after graduation.
- These courses have a guaranteed job after graduation for a specified period.
- Those who complete the course and receive a degree will be hired by the companies applying for the period at the end of the Canadian Co-op course.
- Strengthen resume through field-related work experience
- Earn points to apply for permanent residency in Canada through work experience
Applicants can participate in the following courses in co-op courses
- Digital Marketing
- All technical disciplines related to computer engineering software branch
- Most management disciplines
- Hotel management
- IT engineering
- Tourism and hospitality
To participate in short-term courses, it is necessary to provide proof of funds in range between $10,000 to $13,000.
Applicants will receive a salary of between $ 10,000 and $ 20,000.
Documents required for Co-op courses in Canada are as follows:
- Provide a passport that is valid for at least six months.
- Provide an IELTS certificate with the minimum score announced by the relevant institution
- Provide qualifications
- Provide a certificate of financial ability
- Provide cover letter and letter of recommendation
- Submitting a fee payment fee set by the relevant institution
Highest ranking universities in Canada
According to the well-known QS ranking systems, more than 30 Canadian universities are on the list of the top 300 universities in the world. This indicates the very high quality of higher education in Canada. The ranking of Canadian universities is such that many Canadian universities are always on the list of the top universities in the world. The following list Canada’s top ten educational institutions, admission requirements, deadlines, and scholarships.
University of Toronto
The University of Toronto was founded in 1827 as the Royal College and included the Arts and Sciences, Engineering, Architecture, Nursing, Pharmacy, and Dentistry. The university is located in Toronto, Ontario, and is ranked 25th in the world. Also, this university is one of the top medical centers in the world in medicine. Graduates of this university enter the labor market efficiently, and in terms of entering the labor market, this university is ranked as one of the Canadian universities.
The university was founded in 1821 and, to this day, has maintained its high position in the rankings of clinical disciplines. The university is located in Montreal, Quebec, and is an English-language university in the French-speaking city of Montreal. McGill University has one of the highest rankings in the world ranking of Canadian universities, namely 27, and has the highest percentage of international students.
University of British Columbia
British Columbia is one of the oldest and most competitive universities in Canada. The University of British Columbia is located in Vancouver, British Columbia, ranked 46th globally and third in Canada. The University of British Columbia consists of two campuses in Vancouver and Cologne in British Columbia.
University of Montreal
The University of Montreal is the second-largest university in Canada in terms of the number of students. More than a quarter of the university’s students are international students. The university first started with three faculties: Theology, Law, and Medicine, and then the ولcole Montreal Polytechnic University joined the university and began operating as part of the Faculty of Arts. It is the largest French-language university in North America.
University of Alberta
Founded in 1908, the university is world-renowned for its humanities, natural sciences, engineering, business, and medical sciences. The University of Alberta is located in the oil city of Edmonton. It is the fourth-largest university in Alberta in terms of employment. The University of Alberta has more than ten colleges and several entrepreneurship centers, but the cost of studying is relatively high. It has approximately 50,000 Canadian and international students studying in 300 disciplines at different levels.
Founded in 1887, McMaster University ranks sixth in Canadian universities and is ranked 140th among the best universities in the world. This university places great emphasis on research in health sciences and is one of the top universities in terms of research and development. The faculties of this university include the faculty of business, engineering, humanities, social sciences, and health sciences. The center has a library with more than three million books, and its sports facilities are world-class.
University of Waterloo
The university was founded in 1956 and currently has nearly 50,000 students at various levels. Waterloo School of Engineering and Computer are internationally renowned. The university is ranked 149th in the world and has been named the most innovative university in Canada.
Western University was founded in 1878 and is one of the oldest universities in Canada. The university, with a world ranking of 170, has about 40,000 students at various levels, almost 6,000 international students.
The most important faculties of Western University are the Faculty of Humanities, Music, Engineering, Law, Business, Medicine, and Dentistry.
The university was founded in 1841, which means that the university is even older than Canada. Engineering, political science, geography, and law are well known. In addition, McLean Magazine has named it Canada’s second most prestigious medical university. The university has more than 30,000 students and is ranked high in Canada in terms of graduate employment.
University of Calgary
The university was founded in 1966 in South Alberta. The center includes 14 faculties, 270,000 disciplines, and 40 research centers. The most important faculties of this university are the Faculty of Arts, Medicine, Architecture, Law, Nursing, and Veterinary Medicine. The University of Calgary is ranked 10th in the ranking of Canadian universities and is ranked 235th in the world.
When and how to apply ?; University admission deadline in Canada
To get admission to Canadian universities and colleges, knowing each semester’s start and end times is essential. When it comes to studying in Canada, the question arises as to how long each school year in the Canadian higher education system lasts. The exact date and day are not specified for all higher education centers, and each university and college has different conditions from the other. But in general, it can be said that every academic year at university usually starts in September and lasts until April or May. This period covers two semesters
Some Canadian universities offer students a two-month spring semester, a two-month summer semester, or a four-month summer semester. In this case, although September is the beginning of the academic year, for some courses at some universities, you only have to register in January.
Given the start time of the entrance semesters, it is recommended that you apply for admission one semester in advance to attend classes on time; Some universities require a lot of time to review their credentials and resume. In addition, the duration of the visa can not be accurately predicted
Enrollment time at Canadian universities is a common question for international students studying at Canadian universities. Usually, you need to have accurate information to apply for admission and credentials, know the submission deadline, enrollment time, and the like.
For detailed information on the deadline for enrolling and sending documents to Canadian universities, you can benefit from the free consultation of MM Consulting Firm experts.
Before knowing the registration time for Canadian universities, it is best to know about the admission process and submission of documents to Canadian universities.
September and October: Complete the online application form for admission and preparation of documents
January and February: Time to send the required documents to the university
March and May: Time to evaluate and respond to requested files
May and July: Time to receive a letter of acceptance and apply for a Canadian student visa
September: Start of the semester and university course
There is a time limit for receiving admission applications and diplomas, one for accepting applications, in a period of 1 to 3 months, the application is evaluated, the acceptance letter is sent to the person, and the applicant up to 6 Months has the opportunity to apply for a student visa and registration at a Canadian university, so the applicant for study in Canada must apply for all of the immigration mentioned above processes to Canada from 8 to 12 months before the deadline.
Of course, the periods of this process are also average and limited, and it is different in each college and university. The specialists of the MM Consulting Firm will help you in this field.
Canadian College Course Deadline
Canadian colleges also have three admissions courses, which is not much different from admissions to Canadian universities. These three courses and their application deadlines are as follows:
- Canadian College January Admission Deadlines: August to September;
- Admission Deadlines May: Canadian Colleges: January to February
- Admission Deadlines August / SeptemberColleges of Canada: February to April.
Documents required to study in Canada
To apply for Canadian education from universities and other educational institutions, you need documents that you must prepare in the best way possible.
Documents required for college admission in Canada
- Certificate of completion of secondary education
- Educational Credential Assessment
- CV (Curriculum vitae)
- Language certificate (IELTS, TOEFL, TCF, TEF, DELF, and DALF if needed)
- Proof of Funds
Documents required to study for Bachelor’s in Canada
- Valid diploma
- Motivation letter related to the desired field
- Letter of Recommendation from Professors
- Have a language degree with an IELTS score of at least 6
- Proof of Funds
Documents required to study for a Master’s in Canada
- Having a valid bachelor’s degree
- No academic gap (less than four years)
- IELTS language certificate with a score of 6.5
- Two or three letters of recommendation from professors
- Having adequate financial means
Documents required to study for a Ph.D. in Canada
- Suitable IELTS language score with a score of 7 or higher
- Motivation letter ( Statement of Purpose) related to the field
- Two or three letters of recommendation from professors
- Master’s thesis abstract if available
- Research proposal if necessary
- *Finding a mentor is also significant in the process of getting admission to a doctoral program at a Canadian university.
How much does it cost to study in Canada?
There are many costs to studying in Canada, and international students often have questions about these costs:
How much does it cost to study at Canadian universities? How much does it cost to study in Canadian schools and colleges? Apart from tuition, How much does it cost to live as a student in Canada? What is Canadian student insurance? How can I get a scholarship to study in Canada? Can international students work while studying? Can I study for free in Canada?
In the following, we answer all these questions.
Tuition for schools, colleges, and universities in Canada
Schools in Canada are divided into private and public, with international students more likely to attend Canadian private schools. Tuition fees in public schools in Canada are almost free for Canadian citizens. People who pay to study in Canadian public schools spend about $ 8,000 to $ 16,000 per year. Tuition fees in Canada are higher for private schools. Individuals planning to live with Canadian families must pay between $ 700 and $ 1,300 per month in addition to school fees.
Tuition for Canadian colleges is between $ 7,000 and $ 17,000 per year. The cost range depends on the course and the intensity of the classes. You must also pay for your health insurance while you are in college
Each Canadian university has its tuition. This tuition is higher for Canada’s top-ranked universities and, of course, for high-demand majors. Suppose you are planning to study in a densely populated Canadian city. In that case, the tuition will usually be higher, and of course, international students will be charged higher payments than Canadians and permanent residents.
At the undergraduate level, the average tuition for international students is between $ 20,000 and $ 25,000 per year. Education tuition is lower than for other disciplines. Engineering and medicine are among the most expensive fields to study in Canada.
The average tuition for graduate students abroad is between $ 1,100 and $ 65,000 on average. Masters in Business, Engineering, Computer Science and Law are among the most expensive majors to study in Canada
The university and its location greatly determine the cost of studying for a Ph.D. in Canada. Still, applicant students should consider the price of a Canadian Ph.D. to be around $ 6,000 to $ 9,000 per year.
In addition to tuition, you will have to pay other costs such as medical insurance, international student fees, or the annual cost of university services, which range from $ 1,000 to $ 1,500 per year.
Cost of living in Canada for international students
The quality of life in Canada is high, and the cost of living in this country is higher than the standard. The cost of living in Canada is about $ 1,000 to $ 2,000 a month.
Price of groceries/food in Canada: Shopping at a grocery store costs about $ 240 per month, and one to three meals at a restaurant cost about $ 50
Price of transportation in Canada: Transportation costs about $ 70 per month, with Canadian university students receiving an 18 to 25 percent monthly transportation discount.
Accommodation costs in Canada: Accommodation costs are generally from $ 200 to $ 800 per month, depending on which option you choose from the student dormitory, boarding house, or small apartment rental. In addition, the cost of water, electricity, gas, heating, and internet is also about $ 170 per month.
Canadian Student Visa
To apply for a Canadian student visa, like any other job, you must consult a specialist. The consultants and specialists of Mehraein Collection are by your side in this complex process to guide you in making the best decision and accompanying you in carrying it out. In this article, we try to acquaint you with the process of obtaining a Canadian student visa.
The cost of obtaining a Canadian study permit is about $ 150. This fee must be paid to file the case and is set by the Government of Canada.
Documents required for a Canadian student visa
To apply for a Canadian student visa, you need the following documents:
- Identification certificate
- Letter of acceptance from a reputable university or college in Canada
- Letter of motivation
- Language Certificate
- Valid passport
- Evidence based on financial ability to cover your expenses while studying in Canada
If you have not yet applied for a Canadian student visa, MM Consulting Firm consultants will help you know your chances of success, become familiar with your options and consider the risks ahead.
Student insurance in Canada for international students
One of the things students should consider before entering Canada is having student health insurance. Student insurance in Canada helps you increase your health coverage more than you receive through your provincial health plan.
If you are one of those students who will spend a short time in Canada and your stay will not exceed six months; It is better to use emergency medical insurance. But if your study period is more extended, you should consider more complete courses of treatment.
Most universities expect you to have this insurance before you sign up. Also, uninsured treatment costs are so high that they can exceed the total cost of student education.
Note that it is not possible to use public health insurance in some Canadian provinces and students have to go to private insurance.
Most health insurance for international students is available 24 hours a day, seven days a week, and is affordable for international students. This insurance covers hospital and doctor visits, air ambulances, prescription drugs, dental emergencies, legal and diplomatic referrals, help with missing documents, contact with relatives, translation and interpretation services, and more.
Public health insurance in Canada
Public health insurance provides standard health care, primary care, and almost similar emergency services. However, in some provinces, other services such as physiotherapy, coverage of oral services, and prescription drugs are also offered.
Private health insurance in Canada
Private health insurance is more expensive but has more coverage than public health insurance. The advantage of private health insurance is the lack of a waiting list for personal health care. The cost of private clinics is usually covered by private health insurance policies, which generally pay 85% of the price.
The cost of insurance for international students in Canada varies depending on the province where they study, for a total of between $ 400 and $ 800 per year.
Contact MM Consulting Firm consultants for more information on student insurance requirements and student insurance costs in Canada.
Studying for free in Canada
Is it possible to study for free in Canada? In answer to this question, we must say no. There is generally no college or university in Canada that does not charge tuition to international students. But there are ways to reduce these costs significantly.
Scholarships in Canada for international students
If you are one of the top students, for whatever reason you are not able to pay the full tuition, or you have special skills and specialization, you can use scholarships to reduce the cost of studying in Canada. These scholarships are often available for graduate students and above, but there are also scholarships for undergraduate students.
Applicants must undergo a specific process to receive a Canadian scholarship and be familiar with its terms and conditions. Also, some of these scholarships have specific deadlines that one must apply for before completing. Familiarity with scholarships and knowledge of the terms and conditions of receiving them can help you choose the most suitable scholarship.
Types scholarships to study for free in Canada
University Scholarship: The best Canadian universities offer a scholarship called the Eligible Canada Scholarship to non-native and international students. Hence, the first place to go for a free scholarship is the university or college. You are in Canada.
Financial Scholarship: This type of scholarship is based on the financial needs of students and is typically only available to American students. But it has happened that some Canadian universities also offer this type of scholarship based on financial need to international students.
Competency Scholarship: This type of scholarship can be awarded to people with excellent resumes, are among the best high school or university athletes, or have excellent communication and entrepreneurship skills.
National Scholarship: This type of scholarship is reserved for students from developing countries around the world.
Government Scholarship: This type of Canadian scholarship is funded by the federal government and comes in many forms.
Scholarships for Private Institutions: Occasionally, private businesses and donors offer scholarships to international students. This issue is more specific to minority groups, specific study areas, or developing countries.
Types of Government Scholarships to Study in Canada
Postgraduate Scholarships (NSERC)
These Canadian government scholarships are for scholarships and as an opportunity to study for masters and doctoral students. With this type of scholarship, applicants can research engineering or natural sciences at reputable Canadian universities.
Postgraduate Scholarship (Banting)
This scholarship is for international postdoctoral students pursuing postgraduate studies in health research, natural sciences, humanities, health sciences, engineering sciences, and social sciences.
Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship
For Ph.D. students at the international level, this government scholarship is intended for engineering, health, and humanities.
Research Awards Scholarship (IDRC)
This scholarship is for students from developing countries, through which they have the opportunity to study and research at the master’s or doctoral level in Canadian universities.
Types of Non-Governmental Scholarships to Study in Canada
Privacy and Security Scholarship (Surfshark)
This is a $ 2,000 scholarship offered to graduate students in Canada. To receive this scholarship, you must submit an article, and it is good to know that this is open to all nationalities.
The Trudeau Foundation offers scholarships for international doctoral students, and students applying for the scholarship in Canada can study at selected institutions.
Fully Funded Scholarship to Study in Canada
Fully funded means paying all tuition fees, including university tuition, living expenses, research fees, and university fees. All these expenses are produced during the study period.
To get fully funded scholarship You must have a strong scientific-research resume, high language score, high GPA, and strong motivation in your field of study.
Student work while studying in Canada
Currently, most students, especially those who failed to receive scholarships, work at the same time as studying.
Doing work while studying introduces the student to Canadian employers and provides the right conditions to enter the job market after graduation. During student work, you learn skills that may not be acquired simply by taking college courses.
To do student work, there are conditions set by universities that applicants must have sufficient knowledge of.
Working while studying in Canada
International students in Canada can work up to 20 hours per week as a student, and during the university holidays, it is possible to work for 40 hours.
- The appointed time for full-time students.
- You do not need a work visa to do student work.
- Student work does not have to be related to your field of study.
- The student is not restricted in terms of where to work as a student and can work with any employer in any state in Canada.
- You will not be able to work as a student until you have started your study program in Canada.
- Student work cannot be full time
Student jobs at university
If you are applying for a job at the university, it is possible for you to work with the university, which means that you can participate in advancing projects with your professor. You can also work for a private employer, in a restaurant or gym.
Permission to work ( Co-op Program )
As explained earlier, if your field of study is an internship or Co-op in Canada, a work permit is required as it is mandatory, and you must work for a specific organization or employer. To obtain such a permit, you must apply and submit your application to Canadian immigration service.
Finding specialized jobs while a student in Canada is difficult, but it is possible to do general work. These jobs can be in restaurants or factories, and manufacturing companies. It is also possible to take student projects at the master’s and doctoral levels. Usually, universities and professors offer these projects to students, and in return for doing these projects, a kind of income or scholarship is granted.
Frequently Asked Questions
We do not leave your questions unanswered!
Finally, read the Frequently Asked Questions Answered by MM Consulting Firm consultants and ask if you have any questions. Immigration consultants will answer you.
-Do I need IELTS to study in Canada?
Since immigration and permanent residency in Canada requires sufficient English (or French) language skills, obtaining an IELTS degree can play an essential role in the process of immigrating, studying, or working in Canada. However, several universities and educational institutions in Canada offer IELTS-free study programs. They offer different classes to test the language skills that you can take. These universities also accept-language certificates other than IELTS.
-Can I work while studying in Canada?
Yes, you can work under certain conditions 20 hours a week both on and off-campus, and even increase this time on weekends.
-Can I bring my family with me while I study?
In this case, a separate application must be submitted to the Canadian Embassy for each member. Visa will not be issued if you apply to all members! Instead, each family member must meet the requirements for a student visa and have their documents submitted separately to the Canadian Embassy as an applicant. Of course, it is possible to send all requests at the same time
-Can my spouse work while I am studying in Canada?
Your spouse or other family members can apply for a freelance work permit with your valid study permit. Freelance work permits allow a foreigner to work for any employer in Canada without the need for a pre-approved job offer
-Can I stay in Canada after graduation?
To stay in Canada after completing your studies, you must be temporarily employed in this country. You will also need a work permit to work in Canada after graduation. The work experience you gain while doing this job may help you qualify for permanent residency in Canada.
-Can you help me to study in Canada?
Yes, the MM Consulting Firm provides services on application procedures, documentation, resume and essay writing, requirements, deadlines, and many more areas you may need in your journey.
This article has tried to discuss the documents and requirements for admission to Canada, living expenses in Canada, and studying in Canada in general. Canada is one of the most popular study destinations in the world. There are several ways people can apply for permanent residency in Canada after completing their studies. We suggest that you be aware of the situation in all countries before deciding so that you can make better decisions. You can contact the experienced consultants of MM Consulting Firm for more information and a more detailed review of your situation and benefit from a free consultation.