PhD in Canada
Canada is one of the most attractive countries in the world for PhD studies. This popularity is rooted in several factors. One of the most important reasons for this is that Canada has some of the most prestigious universities in the world. Also, the tuition received from international students is very affordable compared to European universities. Some students in Canada succeed in receiving scholarships. The funding for international students is much higher at Canadian universities than at European universities.
The amount of funding is enough for a student to live in Canada, while funding for students in Europe is not enough at all, which has made Canada a scientifically immigrant country. Also, the prevalence of different cultures in Canada has created the conditions for living and studying in this country. By accepting admission to a Canadian university, in addition to studying at a prestigious university, you will also experience living in a developed country.
Canada has a special and privileged education system. The existence of the preferred education system in Canada has led students to start planning and setting up a program for a specific period of time to study for a PhD in Canada. To study for a PhD in Canada, you must be aware of the conditions under which Canadian universities will accept you and under what circumstances they will issue an admission letter to you and to those from different countries who have planned to study for a PhD in Canada and intend to become international.
Reasons to choose Canada to study for a PhD
In recent years, the number of students studying for a PhD in Canada and studying in Canada has increased by 30%, and more people are interested in studying in a friendly and open Canadian community, just as they can study for a PhD in Canada. And enjoy and benefit from the vastness of this country as well.
There are various reasons why Canada is one of the leading countries for PhD studies:
Existence of internationally renowned universities
Canada’s oldest universities date back to the 17th century. However, research at these universities is still world-leading, with six of the top 150 universities in Canada.
The cost of studying for a PhD in Canada is generally much lower than in the United States. However, some universities have even reduced international fees or waived tuition fees.
Successfully completing a PhD gives you the right to live and work in Canada for up to three years, perhaps to find a way to permanent residency or even citizenship.
Extensive research space
From the great lakes of Ontario and Quebec, the Rocky Mountains of Canada, and the plains of Alberta to the Pristine deserts, there are many areas that you can use for PhD research.
Benefits of studying for a PhD in Canada
Work while studying
As an international student, you are eligible for an off-campus work permit. This allows you to work 20 hours a week during your studies in any job position you want.
The cost of studying for a PhD in Canada is generally much lower than in the United States. However, some universities have even reduced international fees or waived tuition fees.
If you have children, they can continue their education in Canada’s first-class public schools without the need for a student visa.
Get a work permit
After completing your PhD studies, you and your spouse are eligible for a work permit after graduation. This means that you are allowed to work and live in Canada. At the same time, your application for permanent residence in Canada is being processed to ascertain your status in Canada.
Take advantage of research opportunities
International PhD students in Canada have the opportunity to work with leading researchers and benefit from high quality research facilities and opportunities.
Classification of universities for PhD in Canada
Like its close neighbor, the United States, Canada is a large country, but unlike the United States, a relatively small portion of it is actually residential. This means that the Canadian university system is not as large as expected. It is relatively easy to understand when it comes to studying for a PhD in Canada.
There are about 100 research universities in Canada offering PhD programs. Universities that provide the necessary facilities and expertise to support postgraduate students. Of course, there are other institutions, such as liberal arts colleges and local colleges. Still, they are reluctant to offer a PhD.
Private and public universities
Depending on the funding, Canadian universities can be categorize in public or private. Public universities, which include most of Canada’s universities, are supported by their county and tend to offer more comprehensive study opportunities, including PhD programs. Private universities are funded by third parties and are therefore smaller and more specialized.
Number of universities in the provinces
Canada’s geographical size means that it has a federal structure consisting of 10 provinces and 3 territories. The provinces are independent institutions, while their areas of authority are vested in the central federal government. Only provinces have research universities capable of offering PhD programs. Most provinces take a similar approach to PhD education and international student recruitment, but local policies can sometimes affect costs.
- Eight universities in Alberta offer PhD opportunities and their official language is English.
- Eleven universities in British Columbia have PhD programs, and their official language is English.
- Six Universities in Manitoba offer PhD degrees, and their official language is English.
- Four Universities in New Brunswick offer PhD opportunities to students, and their official languages are English and French.
- Nine universities in Nova Scotia also offer PhD opportunities, and their official language is English.
- The University of Newfoundland offers PhD programs, and its official language is English.
- Thirty-one universities in Ontario are accepting PhD students, and their official language is English.
- One University on Prince Edward Island admits PhD students, and its official language is English.
- Nineteen universities in Quebec offer major PhD programs, and their official language is French.
- Six universities in Saskatchewan also offer PhD studies, and their official language is English.
*The three Canadian territories of the Yukon Territory, Nanowatt, and the Northwest Territories have colleges that offer only a bachelor’s degree and have no plans for higher education.
Top Universities for PhD in Canada
- Royal Roads University
- University of Winnipeg
- Bishop’s University
- Wilfrid Laurier University
- Thompson Rivers University
- University of Regina
- Brock University
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Popular PhD programs in Canada
PhD programs in Canada offer high-quality research opportunities for PhD students. PhDs are offered in Canada in more than 500 different academic disciplines such as business, engineering, mathematics, management, and more. The most popular PhD programs available in Canada are:
- PhD in Agriculture
- PhD in Cell Biology
- PhD in Chemistry
- PhD in Biochemistry
- Doctor of Dentistry
- PhD in Computer Engineering
- PhD in Electrical Engineering
- PhD in Geology
- D. in law
- PhD in Linguistics
- PhD in Statistics and Mathematical Sciences
The education structure of PhD in Canada
PhD studies in Canada and other countries generally take 3 to 6 years, with the PhD being the highest achievement and the degree that a student can pursue in pursuit of a bachelor’s or master’s degree.
There are several degree types for a PhD in Canada, including an academic PhD called a professional PhD, including a Ph.D. in business administration (DBA), and a PhD in education (EdD).
People generally need a master’s degree to study for a PhD in Canada, but in rare cases, courses are offered by some universities that have a master’s degree with a PhD that is longer.
Also, to complete a PhD in Canada, one must complete at least one supervising degree. The supervisor specializes in general issues and the individual’s field of study but generally has no previous or specialized research in the field of research.
Studying for a PhD in Canada requires a PhD dissertation at the end of the evaluation. Generally, in Canada, students start researching a dissertation in the middle of their PhD program and eventually complete it in their final year with the help of their tutor. After registering this dissertation, several experts in the field of research comment on this dissertation, and in the last stage, the person must defend his dissertation orally.
How long is a PhD in Canada?
Those who are preparing to pursue a PhD in Canada, or those planning to pursue a PhD in Canada, should first know how long they are going to evaluate their PhD studies in Canada. In fact, they should be aware of the length of their PhD studies in Canada.
For example, if their chosen field is specific, they should first go to the university website and enter information about their chosen field. In this case, they will be informed about the duration of PhD studies in Canada.
In general, Canada offers a variety of study options, or broader PhD programs, for three or four years for students who have a good GPA and excellent resume and can study for a PhD intensively. But among the top students, some students need to focus on PhD courses and units for a long time, depending on the field or the resume they have. In this case, they have to spend 5 to 6 years studying for a PhD in Canada.
PhD in Canada Admission Process
The process of obtaining a PhD in Canada can be divided into two main stages:
Step 1: Appoint a Supervisor at the University of Canada
Before applying to a Canadian university for a PhD and being accepted, you must first correspond with the professors of your respective universities and be able to find a supervisor for your future PhD dissertation. Students must prove to their supervisor that they intend to enter. Getting to Canada’s top universities has the premium system of access to a high-quality degree. The tutor completes the admission process related to the student’s resume and academic process according to the student’s purpose and receives admission for the student from the relevant official.
Before you can apply for a study permit, you must decide at which university you intend to study. Different provinces designate different types of universities to enroll international students. Select the desired university according to the conditions.
Ensure you have all the requirements
- Proof of sufficient money to pay tuition and living expenses for yourself and other family members, return expenses for yourself and other family members
- Proof of no criminal record
- Have a health card with you
- Proof of leaving Canada after graduation
- Receive a letter of acceptance from the university
- You and any family member traveling to Canada must have a valid passport.
- Proof of financial support by opening a bank account in your own name, guaranteed investment certificate, proof of payment of tuition and housing costs, sending bank statements in the last four months
- The purpose of studying in Canada
- Individuals who need a guardian must submit a custody declaration form upon request.
- Apply for a PhD degree in Canada
You can apply for a PhD degree in Canada online or by using a paper copy. There are different instructions on how to proceed, depending on where you are applying.
How do we find the right mentor for PhD in Canada?
The process of finding a supervisor or PhD supervisor summarizes the following:
- Write an e-mail summarizing your academic and professional background, research work, published articles, and areas of interest. You should briefly explain in this e-mail why you are an excellent student to do research with the professor. Your writing must be compelling.
- Make a list of all the universities that match your admission requirements, such as your GPA, language score, etc., and the field of study offered.
- Go to the site of your department and choose from among all the professors who teach in that field; your research field is in harmony with the research field of those professors and in the same direction.
- Then start contacting professors.
- If you received a positive response from a professor or before that they wanted to interview you, prepare yourself for the interview and try to show yourself as a worthy student for that professor with the best answers.
- Finally, after receiving a positive response from one of the professors, complete your application process and enter their name in the application.
Step 2: Apply and submit documents to the University of Canada
Once your supervisor has been identified, immediately prepare all the necessary documents for applying for a Canadian PhD and apply.
How to apply for a Canadian PhD?
- Create an account in the “Apply” section of the university website.
- In the created application, enter personal information, name of the field, entrance semester, educational and professional background, name of the supervisor, and other necessary items.
- If it is possible to upload documents at this stage, upload all the necessary documents.
- Enter the bank account information and pay the application fee.
- Finally, click on “Submit.”
- After submitting the application, you will receive an e-mail containing the application number and the necessary information to activate your portal.
- Check your portal regularly until the result of your application is known.
Completing the admission process for a PhD in Canada can be done by having a tutor, having a goal, showing interest, having an article, and doing research will help you stay in Canada at the right time. However, if you do not arrange for admission, or you are denied admission, you are not allowed to take action to enter the next stage and the process of completing the process.
Admission Requirements for PhD in Canada
In order to be accepted to study in Canada and continue your PhD studies, you must meet specific requirements:
- Documents related to educational background
The university may ask the applicant to submit the documents in English. In this case, you must apply for a certificate in English from the issuing university.
- Having a master’s degree in a related field (for many professors and universities, a bachelor’s degree and GPA are also substantial. Therefore, it is better to provide your bachelor’s degree when applying)
- Having a GPA of at least 3.0
- Language Certificate. TOEFL or IELTS degrees are usually accepted by the universities by the applicant, and the minimum score is determined by each university.
Language score with IELTS of at least 6.5 for engineering and science and a minimum of 7 for most arts, architecture, English, psychology, and management (or equivalent scores)
- Having a GRE score of at least 300 or a GMAT score of at least 500 for some management, finance, and accounting majors
- Carrying out research projects
- Having a tutor at the destination university (for many disciplines)
For example, to study for a PhD in Mechanical Engineering at the University of British Columbia, you must have a GPA of at least 16, an IELTS score of at least 6.5, or a TOEFL score of 93. You must also get approval from one of the professors at this university as a PhD thesis supervisor. Having research articles is definitely effective as a result of acceptance.
- Brief description of work experiences
- An article or book was written by you. The article usually has a significant impact on the chances of being accepted because most applicants have conditions such as having a language degree, so publishing an article in a reputable international journal is a great advantage for an applicant to study at a Canadian university.
- An example of your writing in English to assess writing skills. Students usually choose art or human-related subject.
- Education plan. Each applicant must explain their plan for the university to study PhD in Canada.
- Some universities in Canada require applicants to attend an on-campus interview.
Language Certificates required for PhD in Canada
To study for a PhD in Canada, a reputable French language or English language school must be available, in which case you, as the holder of an English language degree and a German-language degree, must provide it to a university that frequently You have referred to it and analyzed a series of articles related to studying for a PhD in Canada.
Instead of making the IELTS certificate available to the relevant authority, you can provide the TOEFL certificate that you have already received from a reputable institution to the appropriate authority. In fact, as a TOEFL degree holder, you are also allowed to pursue a PhD in Canada or to study in various Canadian states, such as; New Brunswick, University of Alberta, British Columbia, Nova Scotia, and more. In general, the language certificate required for PhD studies in Canada and in all states of this country is English and, in some cases, French.
Due to the complexities and details that exist to act in this course, as well as the required correspondence with the universities and professors, receiving the right advice and guidance from Mehraein Institute will allow you to easily follow these steps and achieve the desired result.
Age requirements for PhD in Canada
According to Canadian law, there are no age restrictions on studying for a PhD in Canada. The ideal age for a PhD at a Canadian university is usually 30, but many PhD students who are accepted to a Canadian university each year are over 30 years old.
The only thing to note is the reasonableness of the student’s age and their PhD studies for the Canadian student visa process. For example, suppose you are over 40 and receiving a PhD from a university in Canada. In that case, the case officer may not be satisfied with your return to the country after graduation.
Tuition fee for PhD degree In Canada
Canadian universities charge different fees to students for their PhD studies. In all Canadian universities, the tuition that Canadian students pay is less than the tuition
Students are international, but the University of Toronto is the only higher education institution in Canada that charges the same tuition fees, so students who fail to receive a scholarship try to be accepted to the University of Toronto. Students who enroll in the university after receiving a scholarship from their professor are exempt from paying tuition.
Canada welcomes international students and offers a wide range of financial opportunities for PhD in Canda universities. Studying abroad in Canada is more affordable than you might think, even though universities usually charge higher fees for international students.
International costs for the Canadian PhD program are around C $ 8,000 to C $ 10,000 per year, although some can be as high as C $ 25,000. This amount is much less than the Tuition fees paid by native students. If your PhD program is part of a structured program, the costs may vary from year to year. In addition to tuition, you may be charged a small additional fee for student services.
The University of Toronto has set similar costs for Native local and international PhD students since 2018. This means that your tuition will be equal to that of a local Canadian student. Brook University has also begun full coverage of international PhD fees through its scholarships.
Scholarships for international students studying for a PhD in Canada
Some PhD programs for international students in Canada come with scholarships. In Canada, specialized PhD scholarships are awarded to international students based on academic merit and cover tuition, research, and sometimes living expenses. A full-time PhD scholarship in Canada covers most living expenses, travel, accommodation, insurance, and flight ticket. The average tuition for international students to study for a PhD in Canada is one academic year.
A wide range of scholarships, grants, and awards are available to international students offered by relevant universities in Canada for PhD studies. Government-sponsored and independent scholarships are available to international students by country of origin.
The assortment of PhD scholarships in Canada has made it affordable for international students to study. PhD funding in Canada is usually provided by the Government of Canada and private organizations or universities and faculty.
Canadian Government Scholarships
The Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarships
It pays C $ 50,000 per year (equivalent to the US $ 37,210) to top PhD students in the fields of social sciences and humanities, natural sciences, engineering, and health sciences, both at home and abroad.
Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation – The Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation PhD scholarships
This type of foundation C $ 40,000 per year to Canadian citizens and international students for three years. A Canadian or foreign institution where you wish to study or are currently studying should offer you one to receive this scholarship.
Canadian University Scholarships
Other types of PhD scholarships in Canada are funded by universities or faculty. Each year, many Canadian universities announce PhD funding on their website. To receive these types of scholarships, you must submit an application and the necessary documents to the university.
The University of British Columbia Four Year PhD Fellowship
Provides a minimum of C $ 18,200 per year. The university also covers the total tuition fees of elite domestic and foreign students for the entire four-year period.
Canadian Professor Scholarships
Professors at Canadian universities also offer PhD scholarships to their top students and researchers each year. In fact, the funding they provide as a research assistant or teaching assistant is provided by the university.
As a research assistant, you assist a faculty member (who may be your supervisor) by collaborating on data collection, analysis, report writing, laboratory or office organization, and other research tasks.
As a teaching assistant, you help your teacher by doing things like teaching courses, correcting student exam papers, or managing or doing lab sections. In order to be a teaching assistant, in addition to perfect academic conditions, you must demonstrate your mastery of the course and your ability to facilitate student learning.
Studying PhD in Canada for Free
Free PhD education in Canada is available to those who have earned a fully-funded PhD in Canada. Otherwise, the student must prepare a letter stating the cost of studying for a PhD in Canada. If you are looking to improve your speaking, writing, and PhD skills, know that courses in Canada are not as cheap as in some European countries. Still, courses in this country are more affordable than courses presented in the United States and the United Kingdom. So if you are looking for a free PhD degree in Canada, you need to make a great resume.
Working while studying for a PhD in Canada
Universities in Canada allow PhD students to work while studying on or off-campus. In fact, many students need to find a part-time job to make a living in Canada. If a student wishes to work outside of university, they can work up to 20 hours per week. Students on campus can also work with a private contractor in a restaurant and sports club or with the university administration system. Working while studying requires the following conditions:
You must be a full-time student
Be covered by insurance.
Obtaining a student visa for PhD in Canda
Canada is a country that is very interested in attracting international students. This is quite evident in the student visa and its immigration system. You will typically need two e-travel and a study permit to enter Canada as a student and stay for your PhD study.
Apply for an e-travel permit
Most international students will need a permit to enter Canada. You can also enter Canada by applying for an e-travel permit (eTA). The application process for (eTA) is relatively simple and is done online. You only need to provide your passport information and payment information. Please note that the eTA allows you to enter Canada but does not allow you to study and live in Canada for the duration of your PhD studies. To do so, you must obtain a study permit.
Apply for a study permit
A study permit allows you to study and live in Canada during a course of study. This permit is for the duration of your PhD, plus an additional 90 days. For an additional 90 days, you have the opportunity to plan a return trip or apply for a work visa after completing your PhD in Canada. You usually have to apply for a study permit in your home country before traveling to Canada; you can also do this online.
Companion visa requirements for PhD students in Canada
The requirements for a companion visa for a PhD student in Canada depend on whether the student is married or single. If the student is married, they are eligible for a companion visa for a PhD student in Canada. This means that they can get a companion visa for their child or children under 18 as well as for their wife.
The reason Canada cares so much about the families of PhD students is that it is immigrant-friendly and likes students to focus on their studies without feeling empty and without the worry of being away from family.
It is challenging for a married student to study away from home in Canada. Having a companion visa eliminates the student’s worries. However, the conditions for a companion visa for a PhD student in Canada are different for a single student.
Under Canadian law, a single student is not allowed to take a parent or sibling with them. They have to pass the PhD courses alone. Their parents can enter and join them through other ways of immigration to Canada.
Obtaining permanent residency by studying PhD in Canada
There are several ways to apply Canada legally for permanent residency in Canada, including professional work experience, family support, starting a business, and more. But one of the most common ways many people do not know, and one of the most common ways to get permanent residency in Canada, is to study at a Canadian university for undergraduate, graduate, and PhD students. The important thing is that you have the best chance of staying in Canada permanently, because, in addition to staying, you will receive a high quality education.
International students completing their postgraduate studies in Canada have many opportunities to extend their residency and eventually transfer to permanent residency. Many federal and provincial immigration programs help candidates with PhD education and work experience to stay permanently.
Canada PGWP program
After completing your studies in Canada, you can earn Canadian work experience by obtaining a Postgraduate Work Permit (PGWP), which, depending on the university degree you have received, may give you a license for up to three years of work in Canada.
Canada PNP Program
The Provincial Nomination Program (PNP) allows provinces and counties across Canada to identify immigration candidates who can meet economic needs. Many PNP programs offer, in particular permanent residency services to volunteers who are already international students.
Canada Express Entry Program
One of the most prominent methods of obtaining permanent residence is Express Entry. Express Entry candidates are evaluated through a comprehensive ranking system. The complete ranking system gives special privileges to candidates who are young, highly educated and have work experience, and are fluent in English or French.
Quebec is one of the most popular study destinations for international applicants, different from the programs offered by the federal government under the PNP. Quebec also encourages former international students to move to permanent residency.
Obtain citizenship by studying for a PhD in Canada
By obtaining permanent residency, you are one step closer to being a Canadian citizen. You can enjoy almost the same rights and freedoms as everyone else. However, you must still follow specific rules to maintain your status. Foreign nationals applying for Canadian citizenship must stay in Canada for between 10 and 5 years for 1095 days to be eligible for citizenship. Once you are a Canadian citizen, you are no longer bound by any of the rules and can travel to Canada at will.
Working conditions after Studying PhD in Canada
Read this section to know the working conditions after studying for a PhD in Canada.
PhD students are allowed for three years in states such as; Stay with Prince Edward, New Brunswick, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, or the state where he was educated. Of course, he is allowed to enter other Canadian states after studying. But students usually look for work in the state where they studied.
Ideally, the student is allowed to apply for employment with employers working in reputable Canadian companies for 3 years. If the employer accepts his application, he can stay in Canada as a person who has received a work visa and become a permanent resident of the country through the Canada Express Entry system.
It takes a while for PhD students to get a job after studying PhD in Canada. Because they want to work in high-quality and upgraded employment because of the experience they have and because they are looking to earn a higher income. However, those with a master’s or bachelor’s degree can work in middle-income states in various Canadian states.
In general, Canada is suitable for work and permanent residency after graduation due to its low unemployment rate.
Canada hosts several world-renowned research universities offering PhD programs to international students. Higher education, the most flexible education system, the quality of education on par with other countries PhD programs, staying in Canada after studying for 3 years, receiving scholarships, a stable economy, and a low unemployment rate in Canada are all factors that make Canada Choose to continue your PhD studies. You can choose from various fields, including social sciences, humanities, health sciences, natural sciences, and engineering, to study for a PhD in Canada. The duration of PhD studies is between 3 and 4 years, and the costs vary depending on the choice of the city, university, and field.
If you decide to immigrate to Canada to study PhD in Canada, complete your information in consultation with the consultants and experts of Mehraein Institute.